Nicknamed ‘the iron lady’, the Eiffel Tower is found at the Champ de Mars in the beautiful city of Paris in France. It is perhaps the most identifiable structure found anywhere throughout the world, and has become a universal icon symbolic of France.
The Eiffel Tower is not only the tallest structure in Paris, but it is also the most visited and paid monument throughout the entire world. Millions of tourists and locals ascend the tower every year. The designer of the Eiffel Tower was an engineer called Gustave Eiffel, and it was built for the World’s Fair in 1889 as an entrance arch. It was constructed in just over two years, which was an absolute architectural and technical achievement for its time. The Eiffel Tower today is an observation tower as well as being used for radio broadcasting.
Eiffel Tower in figures
The Eiffel Tower stands at 324 m tall. This would be as tall as an eighty- one storey building. The tower consists of three levels for the visitors. Visitors have to purchase tickets to ascend the tower by lift or by stairs to both the first as well as second levels.
There are more than three hundred steps to walk to the 1st level, and another three hundred steps to the second level from the 1st level. The third level is the highest level which can only be accessed by an elevator. There are restaurants on the first as well as second levels. The tower is a prominent symbol of Paris as well as France, and is often featured in films. There have been over 200,000,000 people that have visited the Eiffel Tower since it was constructed in 1889, with a record 6,719,200 visitors in 2006.
The Tower’s Protection
To protect the tower from rust, up to sixty tons of paint has to be applied to the tower every 7 years. When an observer is standing on the ground, the tower is seen as a uniform color. However, three separate hues of paint are actually used.
The darkest color is painted at the base of the structure while the lightest color is painted on the top. As of now a brownish-gray is painted on the tower. Interactive consoles found on the 1st floor host polls for letting visitors choose a color that they would like to see on the tower for the next painting session.
The Eiffel Tower has staged many events of global significance including spectacular light shows, pyrotechnic show for Year 2000, the Eiffel Tower’s centenary, Multicolored Tower marking the 120th birthday of the Eiffel Tower, sparkling lights, repainting campaigns, and unusual fixtures for example a garden, ice rink, etc. At midnight on December 31st1999 the Eiffel Tower sent out 2 light beams that reached out eighty kilometers.
Every evening, for five minutes on every hour the Tower lights up and sparkles, shining its beacon over the beautiful city of Paris. Light beams are directed from the base of the Tower to the top, illuminating the Tower from inside. The Eiffel Tower gives the fortunate visitor and local an exceptional panoramic vista of Paris.